Science is taught largely through topic work. The children’s skills and understanding of scientific concepts are promoted through first hand enquiry and investigation, and exploration of their world. The children are encouraged to observe, question, make and test ideas about living things and materials. They are taught to design and carry out investigations, predict the outcomes, communicate their findings and formulate conclusions based on evidence. They are given opportunities to work independently and co-operatively, to collect evidence to help them answer questions and to link this to scientific ideas. The children learn to evaluate evidence and consider whether tests or comparisons are fair. They share their ideas and communicate them using scientific language, drawings, charts and tables. A variety of resources are used to support their scientific learning, including the use of the ‘outdoor classroom’ and school grounds. Wherever possible, reference materials are used to find out more about scientific ideas.